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To save this word, you'll need to log in. Send us feedback. See more words from the same year Dictionary Entries near ethology etho- et hoc genus omne ethogram ethology ethos ethoxide ethoxy. Accessed 18 Apr. Keep scrolling for more More Definitions for ethology ethology. Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible. What does capricious mean? Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! We have a hard decision to make. Or 'unessential'? And who put it there, anyway? Literally How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts. Is Singular 'They' a Better Choice? Come look at pictures of baby animals. Can you correctly identify these flowers? Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time.

Login or Register. Save Word. Log In. Definition of ethology. Keep scrolling for more. Examples of ethology in a Sentence Recent Examples on the Web Ethograms, a kind of specialized inventory, are traditionally intended for observing nonhuman primate groups in the field of ethologythe study of an evolution of a species. First Known Use of ethologyin the meaning defined at sense 1. Learn More about ethology. Time Traveler for ethology The first known use of ethology was in See more words from the same year.

Dictionary Entries near ethology etho- et hoc genus omne ethogram ethology ethos ethoxide ethoxy See More Nearby Entries. Statistics for ethology Look-up Popularity. More Definitions for ethology. Comments on ethology What made you want to look up ethology? Get Word of the Day daily email! Test Your Vocabulary.

etiology definition mythology

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The awkward case of 'his or her'. Take the quiz Spell It Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?The study of causes or origins. The branch of medicine that deals with the causes or origins of disease.

Assignment of a cause, an origin, or a reason for something. The cause or origin of a disease or disorder as determined by medical diagnosis. Also spelled aetiology. Switch to new thesaurus. Mentioned in? References in periodicals archive? Etiology and outcomes of convulsive status epilepticus in children. NEW YORK -- Explosive outbursts or tantrums accompany nearly every psychiatric illness that affects children, but the specific features may help identify an etiologyaccording to Gabrielle A.

Characterize duration when seeking etiology of tantrums. Etiology of disease, clinical presentation and management outcome were observed. Despite both common and uncommon known etiologies in stroke patients, the etiology remained undetectable after comprehensive evaluations in some stroke patients UE stroke.

Epidemiology, Etiology, and Risk Factors in Mental Health

Objective: The purpose of this retrospective study was to clarify the relationship of shunt infection to childhood hydrocephalus etiology. Relationship between hydrocephalus etiology and ventriculoperitoneal shunt infection in children and review of literature.

Ischemic stroke is divided into five groups: large artery atherosclerosis LAAsmall vessel disease SVDcardio embolic disease CEother determined etiologyand undetermined etiology. The most common type of biopsy proven cutaneous vasculitis was cutaneous leukocytoclastic angiitis followed by vasculitis associated with probable etiology.

Cutaneous vasculitis: a series of 56 patients. It may involve otherwise healthy and relatively younger individuals; its etiology may vary with age, geographical location, food habits, and other associated factors. An evaluation of etiological and radiological profile of patients of non-compressive myelopathy in a neurological institute of Eastern India. While the physiological interaction between the kidney and the vascular system has been well established, the etiology of ESRD among HD patients has been poorly investigated in the context of arterial stiffness and CV risk.

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Causes of hip microinstability include underlying bony or soft tissue abnormalities and iatrogenic injuries of the hip capsule; however, many patients lack a clear underlying etiology. Treatment usually begins with an extensive course of non-operative management with an emphasis on activity modification and physical therapy. Microinstability of the hip--it does exist: etiology, diagnosis and treatment. Dictionary browser? Full browser?The aetiology of the disease is not yet known, and there are very many theories offered to explain it.

Therefore it is perhaps possible to put the temerity of the Dogmatics to shame in aetiology by these Tropes. The study of aetiology of disease is in fact only a particular case of that of aetiology in general. Advertisement top definitions quizzes examples explore dictionary british medical scientific aetiology. Take this quiz on the Words of the Day from April 6—12 to find out!

Example sentences from the Web for aetiology The aetiology of the disease is not yet known, and there are very many theories offered to explain it. Disease in Plants H. Marshall Ward. Derived forms of aetiology aetiologist or etiologistnoun. The science and study of the causes or origins of disease. The cause or origin of a disease or disorder as determined by medical diagnosis. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. The cause or origin of a disease, condition, or constellation of symptoms or signs, as determined by medical diagnosis or research.

All rights reserved.To save this word, you'll need to log in. We compared the two cultures' mythologies. There is a popular mythology that he discovered the cause of the disease by himself. See More Recent Examples on the Web Insanity has been defined in many ways -- fairytales, Greek mythology and box office thrillers -- but Alice never tried living in a 21st-century pandemic without toilet paper. These 10 books from Carmichael's will help you support local, pass the time," 17 Mar.

Send us feedback. See more words from the same year From the Editors at Merriam-Webster. How Do You Pluralize 'Cyclops'? The Romance languages gave us 'cyclopes,' and we accepted. Dictionary Entries near mythology mythological mythologization mythologize mythology mythomania mythopoeia mythopoem. Accessed 18 Apr. Keep scrolling for more More Definitions for mythology mythology. Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible.

What does capricious mean? Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! We have a hard decision to make. Or 'unessential'? And who put it there, anyway? Literally How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts. Is Singular 'They' a Better Choice?

Come look at pictures of baby animals. Can you correctly identify these flowers? Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time. Login or Register. Save Word. Log In. Definition of mythology.

etiology definition mythology

Keep scrolling for more. Synonyms for mythology Synonyms folklorelegendlegendryloremythmythostradition Visit the Thesaurus for More. Examples of mythology in a Sentence We have been studying ancient Greek mythology. Recent Examples on the Web Insanity has been defined in many ways -- fairytales, Greek mythology and box office thrillers -- but Alice never tried living in a 21st-century pandemic without toilet paper. First Known Use of mythologyin the meaning defined at sense 1.

Learn More about mythology. Time Traveler for mythology The first known use of mythology was in See more words from the same year. From the Editors at Merriam-Webster. Dictionary Entries near mythology mythological mythologization mythologize mythology mythomania mythopoeia mythopoem See More Nearby Entries. More Definitions for mythology.Add mythology to one of your lists below, or create a new one.

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etiology definition mythology

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Accounts and stories. It's just a piece of popular mythology that people always get sacked when they are away from the office. Opinions, beliefs and points of view. Examples of mythology. I am therefore glad of the opportunity to dispel misconceptions and mythologies.An origin myth is a myth that purports to describe the origin of some feature of the natural or social world. One type of origin myth is the cosmogonic mythwhich describes the creation of the world.

However, many cultures have stories set after the cosmogonic myth, which describe the origin of natural phenomena and human institutions within a preexisting universe. Every origin myth is a tale of creation: origin myths describe how some reality came into existence. The distinction between cosmogonic myths and origin myths is not clear-cut.

A myth about the origin of some part of the world necessarily presupposes the existence of the world—which, for many cultures, presupposes a cosmogonic myth. In this sense, one can think of origin myths as building upon and extending their cultures' cosmogonic myths. In some academic circles, the term "myth" properly refers only to origin and cosmogonic myths.

For example, many folklorists reserve the label "myth" for stories about creation.

Etiologic tale

Traditional stories that do not focus on origins fall into the categories of " legend " and " folk tale ", which folklorists distinguish from myth. According to historian Mircea Eliadefor many traditional cultures, nearly every sacred story qualifies as an origin myth. Traditional humans tend to model their behavior after sacred events, seeing their life as an " eternal return " to the mythical age.

Because of this conception, nearly every sacred story describes events that established a new paradigm for human behavior, and thus nearly every sacred story is a story about a creation. An origin myth often functions to justify the current state of affairs.

Origin myth

In traditional cultures, the entities and forces described in origin myths are often considered sacred. Thus, by attributing the state of the universe to the actions of these entities and forces, origin myths give the current order an aura of sacredness: "Myths reveal that the World, man, and life have a supernatural origin and history, and that this history is significant, precious, and exemplary.

When the missionary and ethnologist C. Strehlow asked the Australian Arunta why they performed certain ceremonies, the answer was always: "Because the ancestors so commanded it. Founding myths unite people and tend to include mystical events along the way to make "founders" seem more desirable and heroic.

For example: Julius Caesar and his relatives claimed Aeneas and through Aeneas, the goddess Venus as an ancestor. A "founding myth" or etiological myth Greek aition explains either:. A founding myth may serve as the primary exemplumas the myth of Ixion was the original Greek example of a murderer rendered unclean by his crime, who needed cleansing catharsis of his impurity.

Founding myths feature prominently in Greek mythology. Thus Greek and Hebrew founding myths established the special relationship between a deity and local people, who traced their origins from a hero and authenticated their ancestral rights through the founding myth.

Greek founding myths often embody a justification for the ancient overturning of an older, archaic order, reformulating a historical event anchored in the social and natural world to valorize current community practices, creating symbolic narratives of "collective importance" [9] enriched with metaphor in order to account for traditional chronologies, and constructing an etiology considered to be plausible among those with a cultural investment.

In the Greek view, the mythic past had deep roots in historic time, its legends treated as facts, as Carlo Brillante has noted, [11] its heroic protagonists seen as links between the "age of origins" and the mortal, everyday world that succeeded it.

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A modern translator of Apollonius ' Argonautica has noted, of the many aitia embedded as digressions in that Hellenistic epic, that "crucial to social stability had to be the function of myths in providing explanations, authorization or empowerment for the present in terms of origins: this could apply, not only to foundations or charter myths and genealogical trees thus supporting family or territorial claims but also to personal moral choices.

Simon Goldhill employs the metaphor of sedimentation in describing Apollonius' laying down of layers "where each object, cult, ritual, name, may be opened A notable example is the myth of the foundation of Rome—the tale of Romulus and Remuswhich Virgil in turn broadens in his Aeneid with the odyssey of Aeneas and his razing of Laviniumand his son Iulus 's later relocation and rule of the famous twins' birthplace Alba Longaand their descent from his royal line, thus fitting perfectly into the already established canon of events.

Similarly, the Old Testament's story of the Exodus serves as the founding myth for the community of Israel, telling how God delivered the Israelites from slavery and how they therefore belonged to him through the Covenant of Mount Sinai. During the Middle Ages, founding myths of the medieval communes of northern Italy manifested the increasing self-confidence of the urban population and the will to find a Roman origin, however tenuous and legendary.

In 13th-century Paduawhen each commune looked for a Roman founder - and if one was not available, invented one—a legend had been current in the city, attributing its foundation to the Trojan Antenor.

Larger-than-life heroes continue to bolster the origin-myths of many newer nations and societies.

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Note for example the conquistadors of the Iberian empires, the bandeirantes in Brazil, the coureurs des bois in Canada, the Cossacks and the promyshlenniki in Siberia and in Alaska, the bands of pioneers in the central and western United States, and the voortrekkers in Southern Africa.

Foundational stories are accounts of the development of cities and nations. A foundational story represents the view that the creation of the city is a human achievement.

Human control and the removal of wild, uncontrolled nature is underlined. There are two versions of foundational stories: civilization story and degradation story.

Civilization stories take a view of nature as dangerous and wild. The development of the city is seen as a successful distancing of humans from nature.The word is most commonly used in medical and philosophical theories, where it is used to refer to the study of why things occur, or even the reasons behind the way that things act, and is used in philosophyphysicspsychologygovernmentmedicinetheology and biology in reference to the causes of various phenomena.

An etiological myth is a myth intended to explain a name or create a mythic history for a place or family. An etiological mythor origin myth, is a myth intended to explain the origins of cult practices, natural phenomena, proper names and the like. For example, the name Delphi and its associated deity, Apollon Delphiniosare explained in the Homeric Hymn which tells of how Apollo carried Cretans over the sea in the shape of a dolphin delphis to make them his priests.

While Delphi is actually related to the word delphus "womb"many etiological myths are similarly based on folk etymology the term " Amazon ", for example. The story of Prometheus ' sacrifice-trick in Hesiod 's Theogony relates how Prometheus tricked Zeus into choosing the bones and fat of the first sacrificial animal rather than the meat to justify why, after a sacrifice, the Greeks offered the bones wrapped in fat to the gods while keeping the meat for themselves.

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